History of Project Management

From the ancient time project management is there all around I have developed many records. Project management is an art of planning and execution of the project in a systematic manner.

2570 BC: The Great Pyramid of Giza Completed: Pyramid was built by Pharaoh Khufu, that’s why it’s also named as a pyramid of Khufu. This structure includes four stages to complete its record shows there was a manager for each stage who was responsible for its completion there will some planning ,execution , control in managing this project it took 20 years to complete this project. It is world tallest and largest pyramid.

208 BC: Construction of the Great Wall of China: It is one of the 7 wonders of the world, it’s built with the natural resources like bricks, rammed earth, etc.. Construction was started by Qin Dynasty later it was continued and repaired by Han, Sui, Northen and Jin dynasties according to the data labor was divided into groups like the soldier, common people and criminals and the work was assigned according to their capability with great management thought.

1917: The Gantt chart Developed by Henry Gantt (1861-1919): Henry Gantt was an American mechanical engineer and management consultant. He develops the first visual chart/tool that shows the actual growth of the project in the 1910s. Gantt chart was first uses over Hoover Dam in 1931. This Gantt chart is still used in project management process . He gives the greatest contribution in the management process and horned and awarded by The Henry Laurence Gantt Medal in 1929.

1956: The American Association of Cost Engineers (now AACE International) Formed: It was found during the organizational meeting by cost estimators and cost engineers at the University of New Hampshire in Durham.

1957: The Critical Path Method (CPM) Invented by the Dupont Corporation: It’s a way of scheduling the activities or task in project management. It helps to judge the least scheduling time of the project so that it can be shut down for maintenance then after maintenance it can be restarted to complete the project. It is mostly used in chemical industries.

1958: The Program Evaluation Review Technique (PERT) Invented for the U.S. Navy’s Polaris Project: It was launched during the cold war as a part of Polaris mobile submarine  ballistic missile project .PERT analyzes the total time need to complete the task and minimum time needed to complete the project.

1965: The International Project Management Association (IPMA) Founded: This is world first project management association founded in Vienna in 1965. It’s become known as INTERNET in 1967. Again the name was changed to the International Project Management Association in 1970. It has grown worldwide with 120000 members.

1975: The Mythical Man-Month: Essays on Software Engineering by Fred Brooks: In Fred brooks of software he stated the idea called Brook’s law that is “Adding manpower to a late software project makes it later.” According to this law if the project is getting late and you add manpower and think that it will finish project on time by adding man power that is the wrong thought because more involved in the running project will consume more time in understand things and evaluating it and that will lead to a complete failure.

1980 to 2000: Computers and Project Management: With the help of computers, communication and connectivity are becoming a step ahead in project management in 1980. Development of technology in 1990 the internet was available worldwide. An era of computer and project management truly started in the 19th century.

2000 to Present: Rise of Automation and Maturity of Efficiency: As computer technology growing faster from 2000 till now many web based project management tools are there that help the manager in time-consuming and completing the project more efficiently and with better result.

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